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Dr. Florentino B. Herrera, Jr. Medical Library




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  ENGLISH TITLE      The Center for Disease Control-National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (CDC-NNIS) surgical patient risk index score and surgical site infections at UERMMMC
  PERSONAL AUTHOR(S)      Ampil IDE
  PERSONAL AUTHOR(S)      Cortez ER
  PERSONAL AUTHOR(S)      Laudico AV
  PERSONAL AUTHOR(S)      Sunga PAL
  SOURCE DOCUMENT      UERMMMC J Health Sci 2001 Jan-Jun 4(1):38-43
  ENCODER      Lara
  PHYSICAL CLASSIFICATION      PR
  TYPE OF MATERIAL/DOCUMENT      AR
  TYPE OF MATERIAL/DOCUMENT      JR
  LANGUAGE OF TEXT      En
  SUBJECT HEADINGS (MESH)      SURGICAL WOUND INFECTION
  SUBJECT HEADINGS (MESH)      RISK FACTORS
  SUBJECT HEADINGS (MESH)      SURGICAL WOUND INFECTION--STATISTICS AND NUMERICAL DATA
  SUBJECT HEADINGS (MESH)      CROSS INFECTION
  KEYWORDS (NON-MESH)      NNIS SCORING INDEX
  ABSTRACT      The study retrospectively reviewed 1,029 general surgery operations performed from September 1, 1991 to May 31, 1993 to find out the association between the occurrence of surgical site infection (SSI) and the Centers for Disease Control - National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (CDC-NNIS) surgical patient risk index scores. The index assigned 1 point for each of 3 risk factors: 1) American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) preoperative assessment class 3, 4, or 5; 2) an operational classified as either contaminated or dirty-infected; 3) an operation with a duration longer than a specified increased with increasing contamination (p=0.000) as well as increasing index scores (p=0.000). Looking at operations within the same category of contamination, SSI rates also increased with increasing scores among clean operations (p=0.944), clean-contaminated operations (p=0.000), contaminated operations (p=0.559), and dirty operations. SSI rates in this hospital series were compared to the 44-hospital CDC-NNIS report. (Auth)
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