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Dr. Florentino B. Herrera, Jr. Medical Library




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Dr. Florentino B. Herrera, Jr. Medical Library

College of Medicine
University of the Philippines Manila

The Health Sciences Center

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  ENGLISH TITLE      Current status of laboratory testing for HIV in the Philippines.
  PERSONAL AUTHOR(S)      Geraldino NT
  SOURCE DOCUMENT      Acta Med Philipp 2009 43(3):58-63
  ENCODER      Lorna
  PHYSICAL CLASSIFICATION      PR
  TYPE OF MATERIAL/DOCUMENT      AR
  LANGUAGE OF TEXT      En
  SUBJECT HEADINGS (MESH)      HIV
  SUBJECT HEADINGS (MESH)      HIV INFECTIONS
  SUBJECT HEADINGS (MESH)      ALGORITHMS
  SUBJECT HEADINGS (MESH)      IMMUNOENZYME TECHNIQUES
  SUBJECT HEADINGS (MESH)      NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION TECHNIQUES
  SUBJECT HEADINGS (MESH)      BLOTTING, WESTERN
  SUBJECT HEADINGS (MESH)      PREVALENCE
  KEYWORDS (NON-MESH)     
  ABSTRACT      Prevalence of HIV infection in the Philippines remains low. This may be partly due to reliance on passive reporting for surveillance.
  ABSTRACT      The algorithm for laboratory testing for HIV infection has become more stringent in the sense that the screening assays are repeated in the confirmatory centers, before Western Blot is performed. This has been due tot he high rate of false positives before 2005.
  ABSTRACT      Nucleic Acid Amplification testing (NAAT) has been performed routinely for blood banking purposes in other countries. In a few pilot studies, it has proven useful in identifying those cases in the early stage of the infection, which are missed on testing by antibody-based assays. The assay may prove useful in knowing whether false negatives happen with the current testing algorithm in the Philippines.
  ABSTRACT      Coupled with the detuned assay, identification of new cases may be critical for prevention of transmission, surveillance of cases, and early medical management if needed. (Auth)
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